K-Tradition (Custom & Art) - Kore Turizm Organizasyonu - Korenin Dünyaya Tanıtımına Yönelik Çalışma

K-Tradition (Custom & Art)


Korean culture has been constructed by harmonious coexistence of traditional styles of thousands of years  and of modern life. For this reason, on the one hand art & craft works, festivals and architecture that have been experienced for generations, on the other hand lifestyles and modern art forms based on high technology can rise together.

In Korea, the official and spoken language is Korean. The discussions on whether it is a part of Ural-Altaic languages (in which Turkish also takes place) and whether it has a relevance to Japanese still continues. Nevertheless, Korean is accepted as an isolated language that owns its own language family.

While Chinese alphabet Hanja had been used to write in Korean until 15th century, after King Sejong (1418-1050) it has been revised an alphabet called Hangeul to make reading & writing easier. Today, both alphabets are taught at schools.

All religions in Korea are under the constitutional protection. According to the research held in the country, where diverse religions are practiced in peace and mutual respect, in 2007*; 46% of the total population has no religional affiliation. For the rest, 29% is Christian (18% Protestant), 23% is Buddhist, and 1% is Shamanist. And also there is a small amount of people practicing Islam.

Sanctuaries of every religion, fused in Korean traditions, are appealing touristic places with their highly aesthetic architectures.

Traditional Housing
A traditional Korean house is called a hanok. A hanok creates a living space based on the coexistence of man and nature. Since Korea has hot summers and cold winters, the 'Ondol,' a floor-based heating system and 'Daecheong,' a cool wooden floor style hall were devised long ago to help Koreans survive the chilly winters and to block sunlight during summer. These primitive types of heating and air-conditioning were so effective that they are still in use in many homes in Korea.

Traditional Outfit
Hanbok is the unique traditional attire of Korean people. Before the arrival of Western-style clothing one hundred years ago, hanbok was worn as everyday attire.Hanbok is now only worn during national holidays or weddings. The beauty of hanbok is in its clean, artistic lines and its vibrant colors. Hanbok was not considered complete unless worn in the appropriate traditional manner. However, in recent years, the wearing of hanbok has become greatly simplified and modernized. The designs are endless but are divided into a few major styles; formal and lifestyle, adults and children, female and male, as well as seasonal. The price normally falls in the range between 100,000 and 300,000 won, although the fabric and accessories used will make a huge difference in the price tag. In addition, hanbok has been gaining a lot of attention from international consumers thanks to many hallyu dramas and films portraying the costumes. Famous shops frequented by visitors are located near Insa-dong and Samcheong-dong, all close to major tourist attractions.

Traditional Music
Koreans have the unique characteristic of lyrical sensibility, using music to express their emotions. Traditional Korean music can be divided into music listened to by the royal family and by the commoners, each differing greatly in style.  Jongmyo Jeryeak, royal ancestral ritual music, the representative royal court music played during ancestral rites, was solumn and splendid. In contrast, the commoners who wished to overcome the difficulties of the working class usually sang folk songs and pansori, a traditional Korean music that narrates a themed story. With a distinct, inimitable sound, rhythm, and singing technique, pansori was designated as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by the UNESCO.

Folk Dances
Korean people have inherited a great variety of folk dances such as salpurichum (spiritual purification dance), gutchum (shamanic ritual dance), taepyeongmu (dance of peace), hallyangchum (idler’s dance), buchaechum (fan dance), geommu (sword dance), and seungmu (monk’s dance). Of these, talchum (mask dance) and pungmul nori(play with musical instruments) are known for their satirical targeting of the corrupt aristocracy of Joseon and their close connection with rural communities, which had long been the bedrock of Korean culture and tradition. Most performances are presented in a marketplace or on the fields and involve drumming, dancing, and singing.